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Online Resources


As with any internet activity, caution is advised in

allowing students to access these pages. They are

merely available sites. We strongly recommend you view the pages on the

Shawnee Indians with your students


The Virginians

Back In The Day

a great page full of ideas from Education World

Discover what a hornbook is and how it was used

by 18th century school children

Has an online interactive crossword puzzle

Written in the form of a newspaper from

the time period

Information on the formation of WV counties

Instructions on making a classroom “quilt”

using 18th C. information.

Frontier Foods

Students may read short histories on Chief Tarhe, Mary Drapers Ingels

and Chief Logan as well as read about Lord Dunmore’s War

Signers of the Declaration Of Independence

The beginning of the 13 colonies

Visit a colonial family. Be an interactive history detective

West Virginia Archives and History


The Shawnee Indians

One of the best online resources for student information.

A virtual tour of a native village - highly recommended

A look inside the Shawnee Culture

A WONDERFUL list of learning links for the Indian peoples of our area.

First Americans West. Warning: These are the original handwritten documents

that you will be viewing, not a transcription.

A Shawnee Scavenger Hunt

More information on the Eastern Woodland people

Art by Robert Griffing that is a wonderful pictoral

reference of the Eastern Woodland people




Some suggested activities to accompany the online resources:


Make a hornbook, the tool early American students used to study reading and poetry.


Define the word “colonial” and the period it spanned in U.S. and VA history.


Make a chart of the characters you encounter showing

where they lived, why they (or their ancestors) came,

obstacles encountered and successes they had.


Find resources that detail the life of the Shawnee, or the Eastern Woodland

people and compare that with the dress and lives of the western Indians.


Using encyclopedias and other reference materials,

identify important persons of Western Virginia during the early 1770’s.

Include Native Americans, African Americans, and “settlers.”


Locate and read literature (both fiction and nonfiction)

written during and about the Virginian frontier.


Research crafts, games and other 1770’s

activities to demonstrate and perform.


Describe how the Native Americans lived

and early frontier settlers survived to establish permanent resident.

Describe the relationship between the two groups.


Identify and define the different

socioeconomic groups of people and their characteristics.

What might you have been during the time period?


Describe family life as a colonial child.

Use census information to determine who was included in the family.


Describe shelter, furnishings, costume, education, food, chores,

recreation common to the colonial child.


Write a report on a specific concern held by the early settlers on

the western Virginian frontier. Or issues that concerned the native

americans they found here.


Make a time line of characters and events that helped to

shape the western Virginian frontier and the lands of Ohio and Kentucky.

Discuss any ways in which the events

might have affected the characters.


Draw a silhouette of a character with adjectives

inside the silhouette which describe that character.

Around the outside provide documentation from the book to

support each adjective.




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